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:: Volume 1, Issue 4 (Fall 2012) ::
JHPM 2012, 1(4): 61-68 Back to browse issues page
The correlation of family functioning dimensions and self-concept of adolescent smokers in Zanjan
M Hosseini , R Bayat, F Yaghmaei, S Hosseinzadeh, N Nasiri
Department of Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of , meimanathosseini@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (26919 Views)



Introduction: Use of tobacco products is a most common problem among adolescents. Few researches have been conducted on correlation of family functioning and self-concept among adolescent smokers. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation of family functioning dimensions and self-concept of adolescent smokers in Zanjan.


Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 100 male adolescent smokers were selected by purposive sampling method. A questionnaire was used for data collection that included 3 parts: 1- demographic characteristics 2- Mc Master Family Assessment Device 3- Beck Self-Concept Test. Face and content and validity index of instruments were measured. Reliability of the instrument was determined by internal consistency for Mc Master Family Assessment Device (α=0.81), Beck Self-Concept Test (α=0.91) and test- retest method (г=0.84) and (г=0.91) respectively. Data was analyzed by SPSS/16.


Findings: Results showed that the highest and lowest dimensions of family functioning were problem solving function and roles function respectively. Most subjects (88%) had average family functioning and only 4% of them had high family functioning. In addition, results illustrated that, 61% of subjects had neutral self-concept. There was a significant correlation between family functioning and self-concept and affective response had the highest score than other dimensions of family functioning (r=0.34, P=0.000).


Conclusion: The results of the study showed that adolescents’ self-concepts were correlated with family functioning. Therefore, creating a supportive family environment and parenting education, should be incorporated in nursing interventions of smoking prevention.

Keywords: Family functioning, Self-concept, Adolescents, Smoker.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing management & administration
Received: 2012/09/15 | Accepted: 2012/10/1 | Published: 2012/10/15
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Hosseini M, Bayat R, Yaghmaei F, Hosseinzadeh S, Nasiri N. The correlation of family functioning dimensions and self-concept of adolescent smokers in Zanjan . JHPM. 2012; 1 (4) :61-68
URL: http://jhpm.ir/article-1-101-en.html

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Volume 1, Issue 4 (Fall 2012) Back to browse issues page
مدیریت ارتقای سلامت  Journal of Health Promotion Management
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