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:: Volume 10, Issue 3 (May-June 2021) ::
JHPM 2021, 10(3): 44-56 Back to browse issues page
The Comparison of Self-Knowledge, Epistemological Beliefs, Personality Traits among University Students based on Gender and Age
Arezoo Vahid , Davood Manavipour
Associate Professor in Psychology, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran , manavipor53@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (189 Views)
Introduction: Age and gender are among the variables related to individual differences that play an important role in self-knowledge, epistemological beliefs and personality traits. The aim of this study was to compare self-knowledge, epistemological beliefs and personality traits of students based on age and gender.
Methods: The study method was descriptive-comparative. The statistical population of the present study included all students of universities (Azad, Payame Noor, Applied Science and Technology, Non-profit and other national universities) in Tehran in the academic year of 1996-97. 400 students were selected by cluster random sampling. The research instruments included a demographic questionnaire, the “Integrative Self-Knowledge Scale”, the “Epistemological Beliefs Questionnaire”, and the “NEO Five-Factor Inventory”. The validity of the instruments was confirmed by face validity and reliability by internal consistency by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Data analysis was performed by SPSS. 23.
Results: There was a significant mean difference in the scores of "agreeableness" personality traits in the group of male and female students and women scored higher than men (P <0.05). Also, there was a significant mean difference in the scores of epistemological beliefs of "fast learning" (P=0.001) and personality traits of "neuroticism" (P=0.001), "agreeableness" (P=0.022) was present in students in terms of calendar age. Students in age groups (18-29) learn faster more grades; and in neuroticism and "agreeableness", they got lower scores than the age groups (36-47) years. Younger students (18-29) believed in fast learning more than older ones (47-36), and had lower "neuroticism” and agreement.
Conclusions: Female students had a more "agreeableness" personality trait than male students. Also, the younger the students, the more they not only believe in "fast learning" (epistemological beliefs), but also have a lower "neuroticism" personality trait; However, their degree of "agreeableness" is lower than that of students in higher age groups. Therefore, it is suggested that public health professionals, in examining students' self-knowledge, epistemological beliefs, and personality traits, also pay attention to their gender and age factors.
 
Keywords: Self-knowledge, Epistemological Beliefs, Personality Traits, Gender, Age.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: health management
Received: 2019/12/28 | Accepted: 2020/10/18 | Published: 2021/05/31
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Vahid A, Manavipour D. The Comparison of Self-Knowledge, Epistemological Beliefs, Personality Traits among University Students based on Gender and Age. JHPM. 2021; 10 (3) :44-56
URL: http://jhpm.ir/article-1-1118-en.html


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Volume 10, Issue 3 (May-June 2021) Back to browse issues page
مدیریت ارتقای سلامت  Journal of Health Promotion Management
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