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:: Volume 6, Issue 6 (December-January 2018) ::
JHPM 2018, 6(6): 30-36 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Theory of Mind in Bipolar Patients and Healthy Individuals and its Relationship with Personality Dimensions
Afsaneh Sabzevari Moghaddam, Seyyed Alimohammad Mousavi, Razieh Jafari Jozani, Mohammad Azizi Fahliyani, Amin Ajalli
Tehran Jonoub Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , af_sabzevari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5033 Views)
Introduction: The theory of mind in healthy people is more profound than in patients with bipolar disorder. Better understanding of the mental states of others (the Theory of Mind) affects personality traits. The aim of the current study was to compare the Theory of Mind in bipolar patients and healthy individuals and its relationship with personality dimensions.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-comparative. The statistical population of the study consisted of all male and female patients with bipolar disorder admitted at Razi Psychiatric Hospital during the period of symptoms ablation. Twenty-nine patients with bipolar disorder were selected by convenience sampling and 30 normal patients were matched with the patient group in order to form the comparison group. To collect data, the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test"," Theory of Mind Picture Stories ", "Personality Five Factory Test" and "The Scale of Psychological Distress” questionnaires were used. The validity and reliability of the instruments were examined in previous studies. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 22 software.
Results: : People with bipolar disorder had defects in two cognitive and emotional dimensions of the theory of mind. During the period of decline, their symptoms were weaker than their healthy counterparts. The results of the correlation also showed that cognitive theory had a positive correlation with agreeableness (P = 0.56) and responsibility (P = 0.39), and a negative correlation with neuroticism (P = 0.35). However, the emotional mind approach was only positively correlated with extroversion (P = 0.052).
Conclusions: People with bipolar disorder have defects in two cognitive and emotional dimensions of the theory of mind, and in the period of decline, symptoms are also weaker than their healthy counterparts. Therefore, rehabilitation for improving this ability in this group of patients is suggested.

Keywords: Bipolar Disorder, Theory of Mind, Five Personality Dimensions
Full-Text [PDF 413 kb]   (2563 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: health management
Received: 2017/06/8 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
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Sabzevari Moghaddam A, Mousavi S A, Jafari Jozani R, Azizi Fahliyani M, Ajalli A. Comparison of the Theory of Mind in Bipolar Patients and Healthy Individuals and its Relationship with Personality Dimensions. JHPM. 2018; 6 (6) :30-36
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Volume 6, Issue 6 (December-January 2018) Back to browse issues page
مدیریت ارتقای سلامت  Journal of Health Promotion Management
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