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:: Volume 7, Number 1 (April-May 2017) ::
JHPM 2017, 7(1): 44-51 Back to browse issues page
The Correlation between Nosocomial Infections and Nurses’ Work Environment
mahbobeh shali, Mansour Ghafourifard, Soodabeh Joolaee, Marzie Sobhani, robab abbasdost, Abbas Hooshmand, mohammad zirak
PhD Candidate Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran , mohammadzirak@gmail.com
Abstract:   (166 Views)

Introduction: Because of their ongoing contact with patients, nurses have an important role in maintaining and improving standards of patient safety, in which nurses’ workplace condition may have impact on the incidence of nosocomial infections and may endanger patient safety. Aim: the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between nurses' workplace environment and nosocomial infection.

Methods: This descriptive - correlational study was done on 300 nurses working in teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Subjects were selected through stratified sampling method. Data related to nurses' workplace environment were collected by Nurses Work Environment Index (NWI). Its validity and reliability was determined by content validity and Cronbach's alpha (0/89), respectively. Data related to nosocomial infection were extracted from INIS software. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential analysis (Pearson’s correlation test) by SPSS (ver.16) software.

Results: The result showed that the mean incidence of nosocomial infections in the selected hospital was 3.47%, and urinary tract infection (UTI) was the most common infection in these hospitals (39.7%). Pearson's correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative relationship between each domain of nurses' work environment and the incidence of nosocomial infection (p<0.05).

Conclusion: It was found that there was a negative correlation between nurses' work environment and nosocomial infection. Therefore, one of the important strategies for decreasing of nosocomial infection and promotion of patients’ safety is the improvement of the work condition of health care professionals, especially nurses’ work environment.

 
 

Keywords: patient safety, nosocomial infection, work condition, nurses work environment, nurses
Full-Text [PDF 598 kb]   (129 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: nursing management & administration
Received: 2016/10/15 | Accepted: 2017/06/14 | Published: 2017/06/14
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shali M, Ghafourifard M, Joolaee S, Sobhani M, abbasdost R, Hooshmand A et al . The Correlation between Nosocomial Infections and Nurses’ Work Environment . JHPM. 2017; 7 (1) :44-51
URL: http://jhpm.ir/article-1-712-en.html
Volume 7, Number 1 (April-May 2017) Back to browse issues page
مدیریت ارتقای سلامت  Journal of Health Promotion Management
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