[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 6 (December-January 2018) ::
JHPM 2018, 6(6): 15-22 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating the Factors Related to Perform Exercise Activities in Female Athletes in Zanjan City Based on the Theory of Reasoned Behavior
Somayeh Nouri , Farideh Yaghmaei
MA Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (671 Views)
Introduction: Exercise is one of the behaviors that have a significant impact on human’s health. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to the exercise in female athletes in Zanjan city during 2017-2018 based on the theory of reasoned behavior.
Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 140 female athletes in Zanjan city were selected by cluster-random sampling. The data collection instruments included a demographic data questionnaire and the Physical Activity Scale of Females Students, which contained 40 items in 5 sections. The face and content validity of the questionnaire were approved by 15 university lecturers and the reliability was measured by 15 athletes using the Cronbach's alpha and intra-group correlation method. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 21 software.
Results: Results of this study showed a significant and negative relationship between the attitude towards exercise with the intention to do exercise (r = -0.24, P = 0.005) and doing the exercise (r = -0.25, P = 0.003). Also, there was a positive and significant relationship between the intention to do exercise and doing the exercise (r = 0.69, P = 0.001). Furthermore, there was a positive relationship between the subjective norms to do exercise and attitude towards the exercise (r = 0.28, P = 0.001).
Conclusions: The findings show a significant and negative relationship between attitudes towards exercise with intention to do exercise and doing exercise. Also, there was a positive and significant relationship between the intention to do exercise and doing exercise. There was also a positive relationship between the subjective norms about the exercise and attitudes towards the exercise. It is suggested to perform this study on females with different ages in the society.
 
Keywords: Attitude, Subjective Norm, Physical Activity, Theory of Reasoned Behavior, Female Athletes
Full-Text [PDF 617 kb]   (270 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: nursing management & administration
Received: 2017/12/31 | Accepted: 2017/12/31 | Published: 2017/12/31
References
1. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheiratmand R, Gouya MM, Razaghi EM, Delavari A, et al. Association of physical activity and dietary behaviours in relation to the body mass index in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents: CASPIAN Study. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85(1):19-26. [DOI:10.2471/BLT.06.030783] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Fenoe S. Health Psychosocial Interactions. New York: John Wily & Sons, inc; 2006.
3. Crawford DW, Jackson EL, Godbey G. A hierarchical model of leisure constraints. Interdisc J. 1991;13(4):309-20. [DOI:10.1080/01490409109513147]
4. Mahdavian Mashhadi M. [An investigation into the role of mass media in women's sports]. Guilan, Iran: University of Guilan; 2008.
5. Dingle L. Women in sport, overcoming barriers to participation. 3rd Annual Coaching Conference: University of Exeter; 2005.
6. Razaghi EM. Assessment of physical fitness status in athlete women Iran2006 [Available from: http://www.tebyan.ir.
7. Didarloo A, Shojaeizadeh D, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Niknami S, Hajizadeh E, Alizadeh M, et al. [The determinants of physical activity based on developed rational action theory in diabetic women]. Payesh Q. 2012;11(2):201-11.
8. Hosseini M, Khavari Z, Yaghmaei F, Alavimajd H, Jahanfar M, Heidari P. [An investigation into correlation between attitude, self-efficacy, normality (mental norm) and desire to conduct physical activity in female students]. Health Promot Manage Q. 2013;3(1):52-61.
9. Dehdari T, Khanipour A, Khazir Z, Dehdari L. [Prediction of the intention to perform aesthetic surgery in female students based on the constructs of the Rational Action Theory]. J Mil Care Sci. 2014;1(2):109-15.
10. Gholamnia Shirvani Z, Ghofranipoor F, Gharakhanlou R, Kazemnezhad A. [A study on the factor structure of the developed questionnaire of Planned Behavior Theory with functional and coping planning constructs in the physical activity of military employees' spouses]. J Mil Med. 2015;17(1):25-33.
11. Budreau F, Godin G. Understanding physical activity intention among French Canadians with type  diabetes: An extension of Ajzens' Theory of Planned Behavior. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009;6(35):1-11. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-6-35]
12. Mok W, Lee A. A Case Study on Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior: Predicting Physical Activity of Adolescents in Hong Kong. J Commun Med Health Educ. 2013;3(1):172-211.
13. Khavari Z. [A study of the factors related to conduct exercise based on "Planned Behavior Theory" in female students of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services in 2007]. Iran: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; 2008.
14. Karvinen KH, Courneya KS, Campbell KL, Pearcey RG, Dundas G, Capstick V, et al. Correlates of exercise motivation and behavior in a population-based sample of endometrial cancer survivors: an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2007;4:21. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-4-21] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Rhodes RE, Macdonald HM, McKay HA. Predicting physical activity intention and behaviour among children in a longitudinal sample. Soc Sci Med. 2006;62(12):3146-56. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.051] [PMID]
16. Trost SG, Pate RR, Dowda M, Ward DS, Felton G, Saunders R. Psychosocial correlates of physical activity in white and African-American girls. J Adolesc Health. 2002;31(3):226-33. [DOI:10.1016/S1054-139X(02)00375-0]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nouri S, Yaghmaei F. Evaluating the Factors Related to Perform Exercise Activities in Female Athletes in Zanjan City Based on the Theory of Reasoned Behavior. JHPM. 2018; 6 (6) :15-22
URL: http://jhpm.ir/article-1-896-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 6 (December-January 2018) Back to browse issues page
مدیریت ارتقای سلامت  Journal of Health Promotion Management
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 3731